There has been a tons of research on determining the differences between the leader and the manager. We all know that different fields require different types of the leaders. The fact of the matter is nothing can be done without the managers. Also, not all the leaders are good managers. Unfortunately it is also true that not all the managers need to be leaders.
In a simplest symbolic form
“Leader is like a tree, the product is its fruits and shade”.
Not every tree can provide shade or fruits.
“Manager is like a farmer, who decides how to maximize its fruits and where”.
Not every farmer knows which tree to nurture.
I stumbled upon these two sites and am mentioning the excerpts over here.
“Leadership and management are two distinctive and complementary systems of action. Both are necessary for success in an increasingly complex and volatile … environment.”
- The manager administers; the leader innovates.
- The manager is a copy; the leader is an original.
- The manager maintains; the leader develops.
- The manager focuses on systems and structure; the leader focuses on people.
- The manager relies on control; the leader inspires trust.
- The manager accepts reality; the leader investigates it.
- The manager has a short-range view; the leader has a long-range perspective.
- The manager asks how and when; the leader asks what and why.
- The manager has his or her eye always on the bottom line; the leader has his or her eye on the horizon.
- The manager imitates; the leader originates.
- The manager accepts the status quo; the leader challenges it.
- The manager is the classic good soldier; the leader is his or her own person.
- The manager does things right; the leader does the right thing.